The following is a list of cultural references within 12 Monkeys.

Genesis (band) Edit

  • Jennifer references Genesis's I Know What I Like (In Your Wardrobe) by acting like Peter Gabriel and saying "I'm just a lawnmower. You can tell me by the way I walk."
  • In the 4th season episode Casualty set in 1989, Deacon tells Cole they are playing Genesis in the lobby. Although the song playing in the background isn't.

Back to the Future Edit

  • The clock in the Emerson Hotel is stuck at 10:04, just like the clock tower in Back to the Future.
  • Agent Robert Gale is named after Back to the Future screenwriter and co-creator Bob Gale.

Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure Edit

  • Theodore Deacon's name references brothers Ted and Deacon.
  • Jennifer quotes the film saying, "Strange things are afoot at the Circle K!” in Emergence.
  • Jennifer quotes the film saying, "Be excellent to each other" in Memory of Tomorrow.

Braveheart Edit

Ghostbusters Edit

  • Jennifer quotes the film saying, “Dogs and cats living together - mass hysteria!”

Groundhog Day Edit

  • Jennifer quotes the film saying, "Okay, campers, rise and shine! Don't forget your booties because it's cold out there today!"

Independence Day Edit

  • Jennifer quotes the film during her speech to her daughters in Memory of Tomorrow.

Lord of the Rings Edit

  • Jennifer quotes "Return of the King" during her speech to her daughters in Memory of Tomorrow.

Twelve Monkeys (1995 Film) Edit

  • J.D. People's Mental Hospital is named after screenwriters Janet and David Peoples.
  • Jennifer Goines wears the same sweater as Brad Pitt's iconic character and film counterpart, Jeffrey Goines, during his first appearance.
  • Jones wears the same iconic glasses as her movie counterpart.
  • In Cassandra Complex, Cole wears the same shirt as Bruce Willis's James Cole at the end of the film.
  • The Keys is a destination mentioned both in the film and the series.
  • The Adventures of Mark Twain plays in the mental hospital in both the film and the series.
  • In Memory of Tomorrow, Jennifer is splintered to a WWI battlefield in 1917. This is an allusion to the scene in the film when Willis's Cole accidentally travels back to a WWI battlefield.

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